Fadi Metanios in the snake pit of solar


The podcast delves into Australian Consumer Law's intricacies, focusing on the renewable energy sector. Markus Lambert, a clean energy advocate, chats with Fadi Metanios, an expert in consumer law.

They discuss the importance of transparency in business, drawing the line between genuine advertising and misleading claims. Warranties, especially in the solar industry, are a significant topic, with Fadi highlighting the difference between manufacturer warranties and the legal definition of "acceptable quality."

The duo also tackles real-world challenges related to solar panels and inverters, emphasizing the responsibilities of manufacturers, suppliers, and installers. Markus's experiences with solar energy and electric vehicles, particularly Tesla, weave through the conversation, bringing practical insights. The overarching theme remains balancing consumers' rights and businesses' obligations under Australian law.

The Australian Consumer Law and Renewable energy 


Essentially, this podcast features a comprehensive conversation between Markus Lambert, a clean energy enthusiast, and Fadi Metanios, a consumer law specialist. The dialogue spans from the core tenets of consumer law in Australia to its application in sectors like clean energy. The exchange revolves around real-world examples, emphasising the responsibilities of both manufacturers and suppliers. 

The detailed discussion reveals consumers’ depth and potential challenges when dealing with warranties and product guarantees.

Markus warmly welcomes Fadi, highlighting the importance of understanding consumer law given its daily relevance. As part of a quirky tradition to set the right tone for the conversation, Markus asks Fadi to touch a warm object called a “ball.”

Fadi’s professional journey

Fadi details his foray into consumer law, crediting his career trajectory to his association with the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, where he devoted eight influential years.

Comparison of consumer laws

Markus, keen to understand global nuances, asks Fadi about the distinctions between Australian consumer law and the regulations in countries like Malaysia and Singapore. Fadi elaborates on the essence of the Australian approach, emphasizing the paramount importance of honesty and clear communication in business. He warns against deceitful sales and advertising methods and promotes the ethos of forthright trading.

Delineation of honest advertising

The duo dives into a nuanced conversation about the boundary between genuine product endorsements and misleading exaggerations. They debate potential scenarios, such as differentiating between classifying a watch as “great” instead of dubbing it “the best ever made.”

Consumer Law in the clean energy space

Venturing into Markus’s clean energy domain, they discuss warranties in the solar industry. Using a refrigerator’s lifespan as an allegory, Markus inquires about the warranty implications when a product ceases to function after its official warranty has expired but before its expected lifespan. 

Fadi explains the Australian perspective, distinguishing warranties voluntarily provided by manufacturers and the country’s legal assurance of “acceptable quality.” He further describes the multifaceted criteria determining whether a product has met its “acceptable quality” standard, including its price, the manufacturer’s claims, and its expected duration.

Fadi during the podcast
Fadi Metanios, a consumer law specialist talks about solar, batteries and EVs

Dealing with lawyers

In a light-hearted comment, Markus jests about the intricacies of eliciting clear-cut responses from lawyers, adding a touch of humour to the informative exchange.

Resolving consumer issues

Markus stresses the importance of consumers being reasonable when they face product or service issues. He advises that negotiation with the seller is the first step, and if this fails, consumers can turn to fair trading departments or other legal avenues. Fadi concurs and cites an example where a consumer had a microwave for eight years before it malfunctioned. While he acknowledges some manufacturers might evade their responsibilities, he notes that some consumers can also have unreasonable expectations.

Warranty discussions

A hypothetical situation is presented by Markus concerning a microwave with a five-year warranty breaking just after its expiration. Fadi suggests a claim would be more reasonable if a product fails shortly after its warranty expires. The conversation then spirals into the intricacies of warranties and the expectations set by them. 

Fadi clarifies the difference in obligations between manufacturers and suppliers. Manufacturers might compensate proportionally for the time a product was functional, whereas suppliers might have to replace or refund the item entirely if it didn’t meet acceptable quality standards.

Responsibility of suppliers vs. manufacturers

Fadi underscores that guarantees regarding acceptable quality often fall on the shoulders of suppliers (the entities that sell products) rather than manufacturers. However, manufacturers have a duty when they directly sell to consumers, like selling through their websites or outlets.

Solar panel warranty scenario

Markus introduces another hypothetical situation involving very cheap solar panels with a 25-year warranty that fails ten years in. Fadi explains that regardless of the price if a warranty is given, the business has a legal obligation to uphold it. 

The discussion delves into the complexities of solar panel warranties, considering costs like labour for replacement. Fadi hints that some warranties might be misleading if they don’t clarify details like labour inclusion.

Markus jests about the topic’s complexities, while Fadi admits that the intricacies of consumer law can be convoluted, but the core principles remain straightforward. They discuss what “normal consumers” might expect from warranties and how these expectations play into legal interpretations.

Solar Panel compatibility problem

Markus Lambert invested in a 300-watt solar panel system that had been operating efficiently for several years. After 5 years, three panels failed. As the industry standard has now shifted to 400 watts, the group debated the challenges of integrating mismatched wattages. They discussed the potential reduction in overall efficiency or lifespan and whether updating the entire system or replacing the faulty panels is better.

Manufacturer’s obligations

Every solar panel system comes with an expected warranty and performance level. The participants shifted their focus to the manufacturer’s duties when certain parts failed, especially if direct replacements were unavailable. They discussed the legal implications, fairness in honouring warranties, and whether manufacturers should replace entire systems in such situations.

Inverter issue

The inverter, a key solar system component, malfunctioned and faced replacement delays, causing significant electricity generation losses. The group examined how this delay impacted the user and potential compensation models. They also emphasised the critical nature of efficient after-sales service in the solar sector.

Installer’s remuneration

After replacing several solar panels, the installer felt that the compensation from the manufacturer was insufficient. This led to a discussion among the group about potential challenges faced by installers. The conversation addressed the need for clear agreements and understanding between manufacturers, installers, and end-users, emphasising transparent communication.

Fadi and Markus during Podcast
The discussion reveals consumers’ potential challenges when dealing with warranties and product guarantees.

Inverter failure

A situation arose when an inverter malfunctioned within its warranty period, and the manufacturer had gone out of business. The group discussed the installer’s responsibilities in such circumstances and ways to protect consumers. They also delved into the broader topic of industry stability and ensuring continuous service and product quality.

Advice on solar

Fadi Metanios ventured into solar energy, primarily influenced by Markus Lambert’s advice. The ensuing discussion emphasized the significance of research before significant investments in the solar sector. Participants shared personal experiences, potential pitfalls, and the need for ongoing education and adaptability in the industry.

Fadi describes their satisfaction with the 5.36-kilowatt solar system installed on their roof. Thanks to Markus’s advice, they understood the importance of optimising each panel’s output and used optimisers or micro-inverters. Despite having an approximately 20% smaller system than some friends’, their energy output is very similar, attributing it to their optimised system.

Family dynamics & energy consumption

Since installing the system, Fadi has experienced two significant changes: having three children under the age of five and purchasing an electric vehicle (EV). Both factors have strained their solar energy output, making Markus suggest they might have considered a larger system.

EV experience and cost benefits

Fadi expresses satisfaction with their Tesla electric vehicle, highlighting the cost savings, especially when combined with employer incentives. They emphasize that the running cost of an EV is lower compared to a traditional petrol car. Markus Lambert advises potential EV buyers to consider their daily driving range and whether they need an expensive charger, sharing their own weatherproof 15 amp outdoor point setup.

Charging network and experience with Tesla

While Fadi drives a Tesla Model Y and uses Tesla Superchargers, they also commend the EV network. They share their positive experience with charging, noting it’s often more convenient than traditional fueling. Speaker 2’s charging method leverages off-peak rates, maximising savings.

Driving experience & autopilot

Fadi enjoys the instant torque of the electric vehicle and shares that while the Tesla has an autopilot feature, they opted out of the full self-driving package. They advise against relying completely on the system and emphasize the need for driver attention.

Vehicle longevity and environmental concerns

There’s anticipation about the battery’s longevity and what decision they’ll make once the battery starts to degrade after many years. While Fadi jokes about selling and getting a new model, Markus challenges this approach, pointing out the environmental concerns of a throwaway mentality. Fadi acknowledges the dilemma but believes the current benefits of electric vehicles outweigh their slightly higher costs.

Tesla’s market dominance

Tesla has firmly established itself at the forefront of the electric vehicle market. This dominance isn’t solely rooted in cutting-edge technology but also in their comprehensive strategy. Although Tesla’s impressive market valuation places it at the zenith of the automotive realm, predicting its future trajectory is intricate. Considering the prevailing landscape, potential buyouts by rival car magnates appear unlikely. But the road ahead for Tesla isn’t devoid of bumps. Their unwavering focus on engineering excellence and a penchant for minimalist design provide them an advantage. Yet, the swift advancements in battery technology mean competitors are consistently in the rearview mirror, poised to leapfrog.

Future of battery technology

The relentless progression of battery technology is a pivotal factor in the electric vehicle narrative. Even with Tesla’s present supremacy, it remains volatile, where a groundbreaking innovation could reshuffle market leaders. Their persistent pursuit of enhancement gives them a competitive edge, but it’s a perpetual tech marathon.

Comprehensive ecosystem

Tesla’s ascendancy isn’t merely anchored to the cars they manufacture. Their holistic methodology, highlighted by initiatives like the Supercharger infrastructure and the harmonious blend of software with hardware, differentiates them from the crowd. This cohesive ecosystem delivers a user experience that most rivals find difficult to emulate.

Sustainability: beyond just vehicles

Tesla’s dedication to environmental sustainability has become a distinct selling proposition. Yet, the electric vehicle sector is not immune to criticism, especially regarding battery lifespan. The question arises: what transpires as batteries wane? From an environmental standpoint, the repercussions of battery disposal and replacement are pressing. Adopting a mere disposal strategy could be counterproductive in the long term, despite the immediate perks, such as diminished emissions.

Markus During the Podcast
Markus Lambert, a clean energy enthusiast

Navigating the Future Landscape

No corporation can claim an everlasting peak position regardless of its dominance. The annals of the transportation industry showcase numerous behemoths that eventually faded or were overshadowed. Tesla’s sustained success hinges on its adaptability. Staying ahead mandates continuous innovation and the foresight to pre-empt shifts in transportation dynamics and public inclination.

Collaborative efforts: a need for broader action

The metamorphosis of the transport sector into an environmentally conscious one isn’t solely a corporate mandate. Governments and the general public wield significant influence. Enacting policies that foster sustainable methodologies and a consumer base that elevates green choices can hasten the transition to an ecologically friendly future.

Balancing environmental benefits with costs

Electric vehicles, while promising significant emission reductions, come with their own environmental tolls. The challenges encompass aspects like production, battery extraction, and eventual disposal. It’s imperative for the industry to strike a balance between these environmental costs and the undeniable advantages electric vehicles introduce.

The podcast then moves from Tesla and electric vehicles back to understanding the Australian Consumer Law

Nuances and conditions

When Fadi attended an explanation of Australian consumer law, it was evident that the regulations were intricate and multifaceted. They weren’t just a binary of right and wrong; instead, they had lawyers of conditions, often presented as scenarios ‘A’ and ‘B’, accompanied by various ‘what about ifs’. Such complexity could easily be overwhelming for anyone trying to grasp the essence of the law in a short time.

Core rights under the law

So, for those seeking a concise understanding, the core rights offered by the Australian consumer law revolve around honesty and transparency in commerce. Retailers or sellers must be truthful about their products or services. Misrepresentation, half-truths, or outright lies are strictly prohibited as they are considered misleading.

Overselling and exaggeration

A frequently raised question pertains to the boundaries of marketing. How much can a business “oversell” or exaggerate its product’s capabilities without crossing the line? This remains one of the grey areas that the Australian consumer law addresses, emphasising the need for accuracy and the prohibition of deceitful exaggeration.

The podcast concludes with Markus thanking Fadi and observing that while laws aim to be black and white – when it comes to consumer law – this is not the case. 

Should you consider purchasing solar, batteries, or other renewable energy products, we recommend engaging with a qualified local supplier or installer to provide extensive advice. To find the right partner try our company finder and ask our recommended experts to assist you. Using a Your Energy Answers Authorised Partner will give you a well-vetted, experienced, reliable, and trustworthy company to serve your needs.

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